In 1915, the annual Congress of the American Indian Association formally approved a plan concerning American Indian Day. It directed its president, Rev. Sherman Coolidge to call upon the country to observe such a day. Coolidge issued a proclamation on Sept. 28, 1915, which declared the second Saturday of each May as an American Indian Day and contained the first formal appeal for recognition of Indians as citizens.
The year before this proclamation was issued, Red Fox James rode horseback from state to state seeking approval for a day to honor Indians. On December 14, 1915, he presented the endorsements of 24 state governments at the White House. There is no record, however, of such a national day being proclaimed.
The first American Indian Day in a state was declared in May 1916 by the governor of New York. Several states celebrate the fourth Friday in September.
In 1990 President George H. W. Bush approved a joint resolution designating November 1990 as “National American Indian Heritage Month.” Similar proclamations, under variants names (including “Native American Heritage Month” and “National American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month”) have been issued each year since 1994.
“About National Native American Heritage Month.” Library of Congress. https://nativeamericanheritagemonth.gov/about/. (accessed on November 16, 2017).
Spurred by the desire to promote the “scientific study of black life and history,” African American historian Dr. Carter G. Woodson formed the Association for the Study of African American Life and History (ASALH) in 1915. Several years later, he decided that the Association should bear the responsibility of publicizing knowledge about black history, and in February 1926 a press release was sent out announcing “Negro History Week.” The weeklong celebration of the advances and accomplishments achieved by African Americans has since grown to encompass the entire month of February, and the annual theme set forth by the Association has been endorsed by presidential proclamation from every American president across party lines since the mid-1970s. Released last week, this year’s Presidential Proclamation for National African American History Month is available in full online.
Book Display in the Library Reading Room
Join the Cardinal Cushing Library in celebrating the 2016 theme, “Hallowed Grounds: Sites of African American Memories,” by checking out the materials on display in the Reading Room. Reference Librarians have also put together a Black History Month 2016 guide, which features a walking tour of significant African American cultural sites in Boston and the United States. The executive proclamation of the month’s theme is also on display, and can be found online through ASALH. As always, the Reference Librarians are happy to assist with any research needs or questions that you may have.
 Daryl Michael Scott. “Origins of Black History Month.” Association for the Study of African American Life and History. http://asalh100.org/origins-of-black-history-month/
Join the Library in celebrating Sr. Janet’s 35 years of service to Emmanuel College. View the 1979 Presidential Inauguration Exhibit in person in the Library’s Main Reading Room or online at http://library.emmanuel.edu/ARCHIVE/content/1979-presidential-inauguration-exhibit-sr-janet-eisner-snd
Welcome to Emmanuel College’s, Cardinal Cushing Library!
We look forward to meeting you and to helping serve your research needs. Please take a moment to review the Library’s factsheet to better understand how we can support your learning! Click here!
The Emmanuel College Oral History Project is a new initiative that endeavors to create a collection of recorded spoken memories from individuals connected to Emmanuel College. It is an on-going project coinciding with the College’s Centennial, and is based at the Emmanuel College Archives and the Cardinal Cushing Library, Emmanuel College, Boston, Massachusetts.
Interviews are being conducted by John P. Healey Jr., the Archives Librarian. College students will provide substantial support to the project through transcription. Project staff expects the interview total to be around 25-50 minutes. Interviewees include alumni, faculty, staff, presidents and students and cover nine decades of firsthand Emmanuel History, providing a rich variety of insights and recollections. Interviewees are encouraged to tell their stories, providing a context for other recollections and the extensive documentary materials in the Emmanuel Archives. That context includes a sense of the time and of the interactions between people involved in the social, economic, educational and administrative history of Emmanuel College.
Each interview will be transcribed and edited. The final transcript will be an accurate reflection of the oral record, with references and corrections to assist later readers. The Archives will retain the sound recording, as well as a paper and electronic copy of the transcript, and these are made available for research purposes.
If you are interested in contributing to the Oral History Project, contact John at 617-264-7606 to schedule an appointment. The Archives Librarian will also be available during Alumni Weekend to record alumni. Please look for signs or ask to find his recording location.