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Word of the Week: Milieu

As in: “Of course there were women who had been scientists during the war and wanted to be afterward, but in this milieu opportunities dried up and went to male beneficiaries of educations paid for by the GI Bill” (Des Jardins, 2010, p.126).                                       curie

Des Jardins, J. (2010). The Madame Curie complex: the Hidden history of women in science. New York, NY: The Feminist Press.

For definitions of milieu, consult the Oxford English Dictionary.

For more books on women in science, try the “Similar Books” tab available through the EBSCO Discovery Service.

St. Valentine’s Day

“Valentine’s Day, also called St. Valentine’s Day day (February 14) when lovers express their affection with greetings and gifts. Although there were several Christian martyrs named Valentine, the day probably took its name from a priest who was martyred about ad 270 by the emperor Claudius II Gothicus. According to legend, the priest signed a letter to his jailer’s daughter, whom he had befriended and with whom he had fallen in love, “from your Valentine.” The holiday also had origins in the Roman festival of Lupercalia, held in mid-February. The festival, which celebrated the coming of spring, included fertility rites and the pairing off of women with men by lottery. At the end of the 5th century, Pope Gelasius I replaced Lupercalia with St. Valentine’s Day. It came to be celebrated as a day of romance from about the 14th century.

Formal messages, or valentines, appeared in the 1500s, and by the late 1700s commercially printed cards were being used. The first commercial valentines in the United States were printed in the mid-1800s. Valentines commonly depict Cupid, the Roman god of love, along with hearts, traditionally the seat of emotion…”

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Resources

Encyclopedia Britannica Online, s.v. “Valentine’s Day” http://academic.eb.com.library.emmanuel.edu:2048/levels/collegiate/article/Valentines-Day/74694.

CC Image courtesy of Etolane on Flickr”Valentine-in-mid-X” (Public Domain)https://www.flickr.com/photos/etolane/2265612034/in/photolist-4scRws-2XUNZ9-9i7EA7-btvpXv-dUFt9z-kfJJMZ-cDCwT-4suA3j-4m8WzJ-7ANcPw-7ANdkN-dUXShL-5Fn3kY-4saE9U-63ji7t-4mcCHE-7u5Dmp-6KxSU8-quDxD2-btjDA8-h3hDUt-7ANd7u-6DScHU-HJ9An-qfHqCx-h3hEnn-h3hDjF-6TGPx3-5ZCxFy-7AJonv-9LDij-4sb8f9-53ZQx1-RvUwHo-4sQadz-4BnoAp-7DaFJr-99CidC-53ZQqG-7DeuUb-4scddb-bw5iRT-9f3h9t-btzmbx-7ANecY-8qMYFR-6DDaix-4suA4m-7CTpTi-7zCvgX.